By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee to Review the Gulf of Alaska Ecosystem Monitoring Program
Document from the Committee to check the Gulf of Alaska surroundings tracking software and the nationwide examine Council. Softcover.
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Additional resources for A Century of Ecosystem Science
Thus, a prerequisite of good management is good science. As the committee noted in its interim report, given the complexity of marine eco- PLANNING LONG-TERM ECOSYSTEM SCIENCE 21 systems and the failure of single-species management to produce sustainable fisheries in many parts of the world (NRC, 1999a), it is not surprising that both scientists and managers have increasingly promoted the concepts of multi-species or ecosystem-based management. However, it is clear that not enough is known about most large marine ecosystems, including the Gulf of Alaska, to implement a useful whole-system approach to management.
These plans are described briefly here. 1. The Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) is perhaps the premier long-term scientific monitoring program in the United States. , Everglades, Georgia, Santa Barbara) are of particular relevance to the GEM program because they—like GEM—consider the connection between marine and terrestrial ecosystems. In addition to perhaps providing some ideas to follow as models for GEM, there are opportunities for scientific exchange between scientists working on those LTERs and GEM scientists, and perhaps even the possibility of joint activities, especially where large-scale processes are involved.
An appointed chief scientist or science director should have responsibility for leading and implementing the GEM science program. The selection of particular projects and observations is achieved through a program’s organizational structure, influences who is involved in honing the conceptual foundation into testable hypotheses and research questions, and demonstrates how open the program is to new personnel and ideas. A vibrant and innovative program must encourage new people to become involved over time, yet long-term plans inevitably reward people with previous experience.
A Century of Ecosystem Science by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee to Review the Gulf of Alaska Ecosystem Monitoring Program