By Paul Dimeo
This e-book bargains a brand new background of drug use in game. It argues that the assumption of popping up to augment functionality has no longer consistently been the difficulty or ‘evil’ we now imagine it truly is. as an alternative, the late nineteenth century used to be a time of a few experimentation and innovation principally unhindered through speak of dishonest or overall healthiness hazards. through the interwar interval, experiments were modernised within the new laboratories of workout physiologists. nonetheless there has been little or no experience that this used to be opposite to the ethics or spirit of activity. activities, medications and technology have been heavily associated for over part a century. the second one global War provided the impetus for either elevated use of gear and the emergence of an anti-doping reaction. by means of the top of the Nineteen Fifties a brand new framework of ethics was once being imposed at the medicines query that built doping in hugely emotive phrases as an ‘evil’. along this emerged the technology and procedural forms of checking out. The years as much as 1976 laid the principles for 4 a long time of anti-doping. This e-book deals a close and important realizing of who was once concerned, what they have been attempting to in achieving, why they set approximately this activity and the context within which they labored. by way of doing so, it reconsiders the vintage dichotomy of ‘good anti-doping’ up opposed to ‘evil doping’. Winner of the 2007 Lord Aberdare Literary Prize for the easiest publication in British activities heritage.
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Additional info for A History of Drug Use in Sport: 1876-1976: Beyond Good and Evil
The cycling fraternity in England voiced criticism of the psychological trick devised by trainer ‘Choppy’ Warburton in which he gave his riders a drink of unknown properties in such a cloak-and-dagger manner as to suggest it contained something ‘special’. Crowds of spectators accused his protégé James Michael of taking ‘dope’ during an 1896 race when he was seen taking a mouthful from Warburton’s secret bottle. This was seen as part of a wider strategy employed by the trainer. The Sporting Life reported that another of Warburton’s charges, Arthur Linton, had been repeatedly given strychnine, trimethyl and heroin (Woodland 2003).
The late Victorians transformed working-class sport with a view to making it more rational, orderly, less violent and more socially acceptable (Holt 1992). In Europe and America religious organisations used sport as a means of channelling the energies of young people. And in the colonies, sport was a means of disciplining the indigenous people, improving their health so they could help improve their societies. Sport represented Western modernity. As Michael Anthony Budd has written on the cult of the strongmen in the early twentieth century: The image of the physical cultural strongman supported claims of European superiority and pointed to the complexity of bodily desires that fuelled capitalist consumerism.
The tonic drink Vino-Kolafra was advertised in 1896 in an American sports magazine called Outing and in an accompanying article presented as a ‘stimulant which serves its purposes without any ill effects, and the taking of which does not become a fixed and pernicious habit’. It had apparently been used with success by soldiers, the fatigued, the sick and ‘the athletes of our leading colleges’ for ‘its marvellous sustaining power and its property of stimulating without the unpleasant reaction or depression that follows the use of other stimulants’.
A History of Drug Use in Sport: 1876-1976: Beyond Good and Evil by Paul Dimeo